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2022-08-05
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2019 statistical data analysis report on economic benefits of book printing enterprises

release date: Source: Book Committee, printing industry magazine number of Views: 2092 copyright and disclaimer

core tips: by the book printing professional committee of China printing and equipment industry association The compilation of statistical data on economic benefits of 98 book printing enterprises nationwide in 2019 (4) hydraulic seals using double seal structure, jointly published by the book printing professional committee of China printing and equipment industry association, Beijing Printing Association and Beijing Book Printing Enterprises Association, jointly by Beijing Printing Association and Beijing Book Printing Enterprises Association It has been sorted out in July, 2020

according to the data submitted by enterprises, the sample enterprises determined in the 2019 analysis report are 66. These enterprises are distributed in 28 provinces, cities, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, covering most regions and major book printing enterprises in the region. Based on the total main business income of enterprises in the current year, among the sample enterprises in this year, 53 Enterprises above Designated Size (main business income greater than or equal to 20million yuan) and 13 enterprises below Designated Size (main business income less than 20million yuan); In addition, according to different investors, the 66 sample enterprises include 57 state-owned holding enterprises, 8 private and joint-stock enterprises and 1 foreign-funded enterprise

according to the data provided by the statistical data collection of economic benefits completed by national book printing enterprises over the years, combined with the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits, the analysis report divides the operation status of book printing enterprises (industries) into three intervals. According to the operation state range of the overall industrial economic benefit comprehensive index of the sample enterprises, judge the basic operation state of the book printing industry:

operation safety zone (comprehensive index 140%): if the comprehensive industrial economic benefit index of the book printing enterprise is greater than 140%, it means that the economic indicators of the enterprise are balanced and its operation is in a safe state; Operation warning area (50% ≤ comprehensive index ≤ 140%): if the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of a book printing enterprise is between 50% and 140%, it indicates that some economic indicators of the enterprise are unbalanced and the operation is in an unstable state, which needs to be warned by the management; Operation danger zone (comprehensive index 50%): if the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of a book printing enterprise is less than 50%, it indicates that the main economic indicators of the enterprise seriously exceed the standard and the operation is in a state of crisis

the statistical data analysis report of the sample book printing enterprises in 2019 mainly includes three parts:

(1) basic overview of the operation status and economic benefits of the book printing enterprises: describe the overall operation of the book printing industry through the comprehensive economic benefit index and relevant indicators of the sample enterprises, and form a basic judgment on the economic benefits of the book printing industry in 2019

(2) analysis of factors affecting the economic benefits of book and journal printing enterprises: through detailed classification of sample enterprises (above and below the scale, textbook printing and book printing, state-owned holding and non-state-owned holding), compare the gap between their comprehensive indexes and benefit indicators, and reveal the impact of different factors (scale, business structure, management system) on the economic benefits of book and journal printing enterprises

(3) analysis and summary: analyze and summarize the characteristics of the economic operation of the book printing industry in 2019

basic overview of operation status and economic benefits of book and periodical printing enterprises in 2019

the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of sample enterprises in 2019 was 154.39%. According to the three operation ranges divided by the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits, the overall operation status of the sample enterprises in 2019 was in the operation safety zone for the second consecutive year

in the same period, the distribution of 66 sample enterprises in the operation range is as follows:

34 enterprises in the operation safety zone, accounting for 51% of the total sample enterprises (an increase of 5 percentage points over 2018)

23 enterprises in the operation warning zone, accounting for 35% of the total sample enterprises (a decrease of 2 percentage points over 2018)

9 enterprises in the operation danger zone, Accounting for 14% of the total number of sample enterprises (3% lower than that in 2018)

in 2019, while the comprehensive index of economic benefits of the sample enterprises was generally good, nearly 50% of the sample enterprises were still in the operation warning zone and operation risk zone. Compared with 2018, the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of 43% of the sample enterprises in 2019 decreased

in 2019, the comprehensive economic benefit index of the sample enterprises increased by nearly 13 percentage points. The status of the seven economic benefit indicators affecting the change of the comprehensive index is as follows (see Table 1):

asset contribution rate was 4.02%, increasing for two consecutive years, 0.48 percentage points higher than that of the previous year

the value preservation and appreciation rate of assets was 101.60%, with fluctuations, an increase of 3.08 percentage points over the previous year

the asset liability ratio was 58.68%, with fluctuations, down 0.07 percentage points from 2018

the turnover rate of current assets was 1.56 times, continuously improved, 0.16 times faster than that of the previous year

the profit margin of costs and expenses was 1.28%, which continued to improve and realized the transformation from negative to positive, an increase of 2.11 percentage points over the previous year

the total labor productivity was 144900 yuan/person, with a continuous substantial increase, with a year-on-year increase of 3700 yuan/person

the product sales rate was 100.16%, falling continuously, with a year-on-year decrease of 2.32%

referring to the national industrial standard value, combined with the analysis of the internal relationship between the comprehensive index of economic benefits of the sample enterprises and relevant indicators, the basic judgment on the operation of the book printing industry in 2019 is as follows:

the comprehensive index of economic benefits of the book printing industry continues to improve, and the main factor for the improvement of the comprehensive index is the improvement of the overall labor productivity of the enterprises. In 2019, the comprehensive economic benefit index of the sample enterprises was 154.39%, and the contribution rate of the total labor productivity reached 57%

the concentration of industrial production capacity and the adoption of high-efficiency equipment are the basis for improving the labor productivity of all employees. The concentration of industrial production capacity has created conditions for efficient processing equipment to play a role. Thus, while the labor productivity of the whole staff of the book printing enterprises has been improved, the turnover rate of current assets has been accelerated, the product sales rate has become reasonable, and the cost profit rate has been improved

the slow improvement of benefits affects the development ability of enterprises. In 2019, the contribution rate of total assets of sample enterprises (4.02%) has increased, but it is only 38% of the national industrial standard value (10.7%); In the same period, the asset value preservation and appreciation rate (101.60%) only reached the level of asset value preservation

the high asset liability ratio means that the business risks are increasing. In 2019, the asset liability ratio of sample printing enterprises (58.68%) has approached 60% of the national industrial standard. It is conceivable that such a high debt ratio will exert pressure on the operation of the enterprise without the support of high-yield business

high input and low return are the characteristics of the economic operation of the domestic book printing industry

scale factors affecting the economic benefits of book and journal printing enterprises

53 Enterprises above Designated Size and 13 enterprises below designated size among the 66 sample enterprises in 2019. Due to the change in the scale of main business income, the list of sample enterprises above and below the scale has changed during this data analysis

1. Economic benefits of Enterprises above Designated Size

the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of sample enterprises above Designated Size in 2019 was 179.71%, an increase of 30.77 percentage points over 2018, which is the second year for the improvement of the comprehensive index of economic benefits after 2018 (see Table 2). According to the operating state interval of the overall industrial economic benefit comprehensive index of the sample enterprises, the book printing enterprises of the sample enterprises above Designated Size in 2019 are in the operation safety zone

compared with 2018, the seven economic benefit indicators of sample enterprises above Designated Size in 2019 have improved to varying degrees:

the asset contribution rate is 5.27%, an increase of 1.73 percentage points

the value maintenance and appreciation rate of assets was 106.97%, an increase of 17.49 percentage points

the debt ratio of assets with refueling and drain ports was 59.78%, an increase of 1.05 percentage points

the turnover rate of current assets was 1.69 times, 0.16 times faster

cost profit margin was 3.58%, from negative to positive, increased by 4.24 percentage points

the total labor productivity was 164800 yuan/person, an increase of 12600 yuan/person

the product sales rate was 100.69%, down 1.93%

2. Economic benefits of enterprises below Designated Size

the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of sample enterprises below Designated Size in 2019 was 51.16%, down 47.51 percentage points from 2018, and their operating conditions were close to the operational risk zone (see Table 3)

compared with 2018, the changes of seven economic benefit indicators of sample enterprises below Designated Size in 2019 are as follows:

asset contribution rate -1.07%, down 4.35 percentage points

asset value preservation and appreciation rate was 79.73%, up 9.66 percentage points

the asset liability ratio was 54.20%, down 4.62 percentage points

the turnover rate of current assets was 1.06 times, 0.12 times faster

cost profit margin -8.11%, down 6.68 percentage points

the total labor productivity was 63700 yuan/person, a decrease of 25100 yuan/person

the product sales rate was 97.98%, up 3.94%

3. Comparative analysis of the economic benefits of sample enterprises above and below the scale is huge. In 2019, the comprehensive index of economic benefits of sample enterprises above designated size was 179.71%, and that of sample enterprises below designated size was 51.16%. The difference between the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of the two types of enterprises was 128.56 percentage points (see Table 4). This difference is a comprehensive reflection of the gap between the two types of enterprises in many aspects of economic operation:

operating efficiency: in 2019, the total labor productivity of the sample enterprises above designated size was 164800 yuan/person, and the total labor productivity of the sample enterprises below designated size was 63700 yuan/person, with a gap of 101100 yuan/person; In 2019, the turnover rate of current assets of sample enterprises above designated size was 1.69 times, and that of sample enterprises below designated size was 1.06 times, with a difference of 0.63 times

profitability: in 2019, the total asset contribution rate of sample enterprises above designated size was 5.27%, and that of sample enterprises below designated size was -1.07%, with a difference of 6.34 percentage points; In the same period, the profit rates of the above scale and below scale sample enterprises were 3.58% and -8.11% respectively, with a gap of 11.68 percentage points

capital security: in 2019, the asset preservation and appreciation rates of sample enterprises above and below the designated size were 106.97% and 79.73% respectively, with a difference of 27.24 percentage points

operational risk: in 2019, the asset liability ratio of sample enterprises above designated size was 59.78%, and that of sample enterprises below designated size was 54.20%. In the same period, the difference between the asset liability ratio of the two types of enterprises was 5.59 percentage points

further research on the statistical data of the sample enterprises below the designated size shows that in recent years, the business of most enterprises below the designated size is almost stagnant and their profitability is worrying. At the same time, due to the zero growth of investment in fixed assets, it is difficult to sustain the renewal of equipment. The reasons for this situation are complex, but it is an indisputable fact that the gap between enterprises below the designated size and enterprises above the designated size has widened in the comprehensive index of economic benefits and most indicators

business factors affecting the economic benefits of book and periodical printing enterprises

among the 66 sample enterprises in 2019, 36 Xinhua printing enterprises were the main force in textbook printing in various regions, while 30 book printing enterprises were mainly enterprises in Beijing. As a book and periodical printing enterprise, what are the characteristics of its comprehensive economic benefit index and related indicators reflected by the different business structure

1. Economic benefits of textbook printing enterprises

the comprehensive index of industrial economic benefits of textbook printing sample enterprises in 2019 was 146.21%, compared with 2018

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